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Fatty acid composition of common vegetable butters and oils

Vegetable Butter or Oil Fatty Acids
Shea Butter
  • Stearic acid, saturated, long chain, 85-90%
  • Oleic acid, monounsaturated, 5-10%
  • Palmitic, long chain, saturated, minor component
  • Linoleic, polyunsaturated, minor component
  • Arachidic, saturated, long chain, minor component
Cocoa Butter
  • Stearic acid, saturated, 34-36%
  • Palmitic acid, saturated, 24-28%
  • Oleic acid, monounsaturated, 30-40%
  • Linoleic, polyunsaturated, 2-3%
Mango Butter
  • Oleic acid, monounsaturated, 40-50%
  • Linoleic acid, polyunsaturated, 5-8%
  • Stearic acid, saturated, 5-8%
  • Palmitic acid, saturated, 5-8%
  • Arachidic, saturated, 1-4%
Wheat Germ Oil
  • Linoleic, polyunsaturated, 55%
  • Oleic, mono-unsaturated, 18%
  • Palmitic acid, saturated, medium chain, 17%
  • Linolenic, polyunsaturated, 8%
Avocado Oil
  • Oleic Acid, monounsaturated, 55-75%
  • Palmitic, saturated, 9-20%
  • Linoleic, polyunsaturated, 10-15%
  • Palmitoleic, monounsaturated, 2-10%
  • Stearic, saturated, 0.1-2%
Coconut Oil
  • Lauric acid, saturated (shorter chain), 45%
  • Myristic acid, saturated, 17%
  • Palmitic acid, saturated, 8%
  • Caprylic acid, saturated, 8%
  • Linoleic acid and oleic acid, unsaturated, 5-10%
Olive Oil
  • Oleic Acid, monounsaturated, 55% - 85%
  • Linoleic acid, polyunsaturated, 9%
  • Linolenic acid, polyunsaturated, 0-2%
Jojoba Oil
  • Eicosenoic acid, monounsaturated, 69%
  • Erucic acid, monounsaturated, 16%
  • Oleic acid, monounsatruated, 10%
Almond Oil
  • Oleic Acid, monounsaturated, 65%
  • Linoleic, polyunsaturated, 25%
  • Palmitic acid, saturated, 6-7%
  • Stearic acid, saturated, 1-2%
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Wow great article. This explains alot and helped me narrow done my product list. Thanks
Tonya, Wondeful article and just what I needed! As Diana said before me I will be re-reading and studying to figure out why my easy to maintain and moisturize hair 4a/b hair has become overly porous, thin, damaged and protein reliant and all without the use of heat or relaxers. Thanks for helping me take a big step in becoming knowledgeable in the care of my hair.
Phew!!!!!!! That is going to take some re-reading and studying!!! I"m curious why you didn't include Castor oil?? Thanks for this!!!

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