1. You have product buildup

Product builds up on our scalp and hair follicles over time from all of the various moisturizers, stylers and tap water we use on our hair. Over time debris and dirt gets trapped in the pores of the scalp, clogging them and causing that all too familiar itchy feeling.

To really remove build up on the scalp, try using a scalp cleanser. It's not the same as the shampoo we use for the rest of our hair, and in fact shampoos can be part of the problem because while they do cleanse they also come with added residue that is left behind and coats the hair. A regular shampoo cleanses the hair but it does not penetrate the scalp deep enough to shed away old layers. After using your regular shampoo (we recommend a sulfate-free one) follow with a scalp cleanser.

2. Your pH is out of balance

Did you know your scalp has a pH, and it can get out of balance? The scalp has a pH range of 4.5-5.5. This acid mantle acts as a barrier to viruses, bacteria and other undesirable contaminants that may try to enter the scalp. When the scalp pH is out of balance it can lead to various scalp infections like fungal and bacterial infections and even dandruff which can then lead to hair loss.

If your scalp pH is out of balance, the scalp will be dry, itchy, and full of flakes, which can result to dandruff. It can also cause weak hair strands leading to breakage.

You can figure out if your scalp pH is out of balance by the way it feels. When you feel your scalp is  itchy, dry and flaky then you know it needs attention.

Moisture Shampoo can restores the hair’s PH balance by regulating the pH to normal or keeping the hair pH within it normal healthy acidic value.

3. You don't have dandruff, your scalp is just dry

People often think they have dandruff, when really they are suffering from a dry scalp. Dry scalp is caused by dehydration and over-shedding of the scalp, and is accompanied with small tiny flakes. You know you have a dry scalp when you feel tightness of the scalp and itchiness.

Dandruff on the other hand is caused by overgrowth of yeast like fungus known as malassezia on the scalp. Malessezia also lives on healthy scalps without causing dandruff but when the fungus grows out of control dandruff can become a huge problem. It is characterized by large greasy or waxy flakes or clusters of skin cells and are usually yellowish or greasy.

How to treat dry scalp

  • Drink plenty of water
  • Wash less
  • Gently cleanse your scalp with Ruutos Scalp Cleanser in between washes and protective styles
  • Hydrate your scalp with Ruutos Anti-Itch Spritzer. Both of these are available in their Scalp Magic Kit.

4. You have a scalp condition

If you try these recommendations and you are still experiencing itching or flaking, check with a dermatologist who will be able to diagnose possible scalp conditions. If you notice that your flakes are waxy, greasy or yellowish rather than white and dry, then you may have dandruff.

This post is sponsored by Ruutos.