I have been using 1/4 cup seeds to 2 cups water. I will try going with 1/2 cup of seeds now and boiling longer to see if I also get a stronger hold. Thanks for doing the research! I am glad to know it isn't a protein or humectant.

Today I used JCN&S with the gel - I think the butters in the JCN&S will help tame my frizz and bulk as well as give my dry hair some moisture. Thanks for suggesting I try shea butter!